The main proposals of the two candidates for the White House

The main proposals of the two candidates for the White House

  • They have concentrated their electoral promises on the economy, as the axis of the campaign, with very different proposals to improve growth.
  • Citizens consider the economy (87%), employment (83%) and healthcare (74%) as “very important” issues in the elections on November 6.
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Obama y Romney, tras su último debate

The Republican candidate for the US presidency, Mitt Romney (i), and the president and candidate for re-election by the Democratic Party, Barack Obama (d), greet each other at the end of their third and final debate. EFE / JIM LO SCALZO

The candidates for the US Presidency Barack Obama and Mitt Romney, have concentrated their electoral promises on the economy, as the axis of the campaign, with very different proposals to improve growth and reduce the country’s great debt.

In line with the politicians, citizens consider the economy (87%), employment (83%), healthcare (74%) and budget deficit (68%) as “very important” issues in the elections on November 6. , according to a survey by the Pew Research center. This is the list of the most important issues and the main proposals, according to the electoral programs , speeches of the candidates and other public interventions:

job

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  • Situation: The labor force of the United States is 155.1 million people . There are 12.1 million unemployed and the level of unemployment in September was 7.8%.
  • Romney has promised the creation of 12 million jobs Obama: Insists on improving the job market since he entered the White House. He cites 31 months with job creation, 5.2 million new jobs and an improvement in the industry since 2010. He sees the public rescue of the automobile sector as an achievement that saved a million jobs. Supporter of applying tax exemptions to companies that return from abroad to settle in the US.
  • Romney: Promises the creation of 12 million jobs. It foresees measures to retain human capital in the US and develop visa programs for highly qualified workers. He relies on his past as an entrepreneur in large corporations and he stands as an advocate for small and medium enterprises. He believes that the rescue of the automobile sector should have been structured differently.

Taxes

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  • Situation: The US collects through taxes and other charges the equivalent of 15.3% of GDP , according to the CIA. One of the lowest rates in the world.
  • Obama: Defend the “Buffett rule”, which would charge a rate of at least 30% to those who enter more than one million dollars a year. Promoter of a plan that extends beyond 2012 the tax cuts for incomes under $ 250,000 per year, approved during the presidency of George W. Bush.
  • Romney: Promises a reduction of an average of 20% on the taxes of the individual taxpayers and a 25% reduction of the corporation tax to encourage the creation of employment. He wants to make the tax cuts of the Bush era permanent and extend them to all taxpayers.

Deficit and debt

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  • Situation: The national debt already exceeds 16 trillion dollars , something more than what the economy generates in a year. The deficit of the last fiscal year is estimated at 1.13 trillion dollars.
  • Obama: Promises a saving of four billion dollars until 2022. He talks about extending budget cuts like those of the current mandate, which amounts to a trillion, and at the same time increasing revenues through taxes, infrastructures and research.
  • Romney: Qualifies as a “moral imperative” the reduction of national spending and the country’s debt. It is committed to reduce input spending by 5% in most of the items and end sanitary reform, privatize the rail network and reduce foreign cooperation, among other expenses. Contrary to tax increases because they slow down the economy.

Finance

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  • Situation: The companies of the first economy in the world have a stock of 15.64 billion dollars in shares on the stock market. The reference interest rates are at historical lows, between 0% and 0.25%.
  • Obama signed the Dodd-Frank Obama law in 2010 : He signed the Dodd-Frank law in 2010, designed to increase control of financial risk operations after the Wall Street crisis in 2008.
  • Romney: If he wins the election, he would eliminate the Dodd-Frank law and “all the Obama-era regulations that impose an excessive burden on the economy,” in his opinion.

Education

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  • Situation: It allocates 7.3% of GDP to education, above the OECD average. The debt of the university students that ask for loans has reached maximums, 25,000 dollars of individual average when finishing the studies.
  • Obama: Legislated to freeze the interests of student loans and homogenize the levels between states.
  • Romney: Emphasizes the freedom of school, more control over the performance of teachers and the end of territorial differences. It agrees with low interest rates for college loans.

Health

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  • Situation: Second country in the world where healthcare is more expensive for citizens and institutions: the sector moves an expenditure equivalent to 16.2% of GDP.
  • Obama: Promoted a reform that extends health coverage to citizens without health insurance and that will complete its implementation in 2014. More resources for community centers.
  • Romney: If he were president, he would revoke the health reform promoted by the Obama administration; It would be your priority when you start the mandate. In favor of the health systems controlled by each state and the impulse of the private sector.

Social Affairs

Social Affairs

  • Situation: The medical program for the elderly , Medicare, and the instrument for low income assistance, Medicaid.
  • Obama: Supporter of updating the system of medical protection for the elderly , Medicare, without specifying more. He defends that the health reform that has been promoted by the Government brings benefits to the retired citizens that benefit from this program.
  • Romney: Calls for a reform of the medical program for the elderly, Medicare, without specifying whether it will be partially privatized as proposed by his candidate for vice president. In favor of increasing the retirement age due to the growth of life expectancy.

Defending

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  • Situation: World leader in investment in defense, concentrates 41% of military spending in the world, according to the International Institute of Studies for Peace (SIPRI).
  • Romney promises to reserve 4% of GDP to defense spending Obama: Ensures that the end of the war in Iraq and the progressive withdrawal of Afghanistan will produce a saving that can be invested in the economic “reconstruction” of the US. In favor of working against nuclear proliferation and in plans to reinsert veterans into the labor market.
  • Romney: Promises to reserve 4% of GDP to defense spending and “to reverse the cuts of the Obama era . Supporter of modernizing military infrastructures, increase vehicles in service and ensure “an anti-missile defense system to deter nuclear attacks”.

Weapons

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  • Situation: It is the country in the world with the most civilians in possession of weapons. The United Nations estimates that there are between 270 and 300 million weapons in private hands.
  • Obama: Your position is ambiguous. On the one hand, it signed a law in 2009 that expanded the right to own weapons in national parks. On the other, he pleaded this summer for Congress to promote measures to verify the background of those who buy weapons.
  • Romney: Appeals to the Second Amendment to the Constitution, which proclaims the right to possession of weapons . He stated that a change in arms legislation would not prevent massacres such as those that have been perpetrated in public places.

Abortion and homosexual marriage

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  • Situation: Abortion is legal, although there are parts of the country where it is difficult to access. Homosexual marriage is not recognized at the federal level, but is legal in six states and the capital.
  • Obama: Defend abortion. Contraceptives must be covered by health insurance . In a personal capacity, he was in favor of people of the same sex being able to get married, even if it is not part of their political program.
  • Romney: Contrary to abortion, except in exceptional cases of rape or to save the mother. Women must have access to contraceptives. Conceives marriage as the union between a man and a woman.

Immigration

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  • Situation: There are 50.5 million people of Latin origin in the country, 16% of the population and the country’s main minority, according to the 2010 Census. It is estimated that there are some 12 million undocumented immigrants, in a country with a estimated population of 315 million inhabitants.
  • Obama: In favor of permanently regularizing undocumented youth who came to the country as minors. He still defends his promise of comprehensive immigration reform, unfulfilled in his first term. Supports deportations of illegals , giving priority to people with criminal records.
  • Romney: Promises immigration reform with a bipartisan consensus and will not deport the undocumented youth who benefited in 2012 from the temporary suspension of their deportation. In favor of plans to enhance legal immigration . He also spoke of encouraging the undocumented to leave the country voluntarily (“self-deportation”).

Energy

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  • Situation: After China, it is the world’s second largest producer and consumer of electricity . Leader in world production of natural gas and third in oil, according to the CIA.
  • The US is the second largest producer of electricity in the world. Obama: He proclaims himself an advocate of natural gas production and promises that he will have created 600,000 jobs in this sector in 2020. He assures that his Administration has increased oil production and doubled that of green energy. Defend the lower energy dependence of other countries.
  • Romney: The private sector as a locomotive of energy development. It would approve the expansion of the Keystone XL pipeline (from north to south), currently stopped by the Obama administration for environmental reasons. Go to Mexico and Canada as energy allies and promise energy independence in North America in 2020.

Environment

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  • Situation: Renewables generate almost 12% of the country’s energy production, which did not ratify the Kyoto Protocol for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Obama: In favor of regulating carbon dioxide emissions in factories through a law that did not pass the Congress procedure. It is attributed to having doubled the production of renewable energies and marked more demanding standards of energy efficiency in vehicles.
  • Romney: Warns that certain actions against climate change hurt economic growth. It puts in doubt that there is a scientific consensus that links global warming with human action. He believes that the current Administration, when defending green energy, does not understand the country’s private sector.

Latin America

  • Situation: The country sold in 2011 more to Mexico than to China. US relations with Venezuela and Bolivia have not been fully restored and there is no US ambassador in these countries. The embargo against Cuba persists, although in recent years the possibility of travel has become more flexible.
  • Obama: Your campaign promises to intensify and renew the agenda with the region in terms of trade. He speaks of “shared responsibility” around drug trafficking. It is committed to strengthening the institutions of justice and security in the countries as an alternative to mere police action.
  • Romney: He wants to connect with each other the commercial treaties in force in the area. Supporter of toughening the security and drug trafficking policy. It would complete the wall on the border with Mexico that began in 2008 to combat illegal immigration and transnational crime. Advocates “more aggressive” relations with Cuba and Venezuela.

Europe

  • Situation: In 2011, the European Union sold 368,354 million dollars worth of goods to the United States. and bought 268,473 million from the world’s largest economy, according to the Census. Despite the drop in the euro, that currency remains stronger than the dollar.
  • Romney criticizes Spain and Greece as examples to avoid Obama: Critical with some positions of the EU and favorable to a combination between fiscal austerity and economic stimuli. Defend for Europe the formula applied in the US in 2008: public rescue of banks and at the same time monetary stimulus to the economy.
  • Romney: Link the crisis of the Eurozone with the role of the State in the Old Continent, which sees excessive. Use Spain and Greece as examples of a course that the US should avoid. It resorts to the financial situation in Europe as an argument to justify lower public spending.

Middle East

  • Situation: Washington considers Israel as an ally of the first order . Without actions in the serious internal conflict in Syria by the US for the blockade of Russia and China in the UN Security Council. Iran’s nuclear program , great national concern.
  • Obama: Believes that getting a Palestinian state is only possible through direct negotiation between Palestinians and Israelis. Trust in a “political transition” in Syria through a diplomatic solution reached by several countries. On Iran, it claims that its mandate ends with “the strongest sanctions in history” against Tehran and that it would remain on Israel’s side should it be attacked by Iran.
  • Romney: In favor of fighting “the growing anti-Semitic policies” in the region and reducing aid to Palestine if it continues with its attempts to be recognized as a political unit by the UN. In Syria, supporter of arming the opposition to fight the Al Asad regime. To end Iran’s nuclear proliferation, it would seek new economic sanctions against the country and isolate it commercially. I would try to get the Iranian leader, Mahmud Ahmadinejad, to be “persecuted under the Genocide Convention.”

China and Pacific

  • Situation: So far in 2012, the US trade deficit with China is 203,100 million dollars. The Asian giant, with more than 1,150 billion dollars in Treasury Bonds , is the main foreign holder of US debt.
  • Obama: Goes to China “as both adversary and potential partner” and conditions relations to the Asian giant to follow “the rules of the game” . During his administration there were some tensions about human rights in China. He initiated a military reinforcement in the Pacific area.
  • Romney: Despite seeing him as a “potential partner” , Romney has accused China of exercising a “silent trade war” that affects US jobs and is committed to declaring it a “manipulative” currency country. In favor of a “strong” military deployment in the Pacific.

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